Neil is a professor of philosophy with research interests spanning philosophy of mind, psychology, free will, moral responsibility, epistemology, and applied ethics. He is Senior Research Fellow at the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and professor of philosophy at Macquarie University, Sydney. From 2010, he was head of neuroethics at the Florey Institutes of Neuroscience in Melbourne.
He has written many papers and books, including "Bad Beliefs: Why They Happen to Good People".
Neil describes himself as a naturalistic philosopher. He is vegan, implying a sentiocentric moral scope.